My research focuses on group formation, particularly in the context of new venture teams. To answer questions about what factors impact group formation, I employ a variety of methods including archival data, field research, qualitative methods, and experimental designs.


Gray, S. M., Bunderson, J. S., Van der Vegt, G., Rink, F., & Gedik, Y. (forthcoming). Leveraging knowledge diversity in hierarchically differentiated teams: The critical role of hierarchy stability. Academy of Management Journal.

Jo, J. K., Harrison, D. A., & Gray, S. M. (2021). The ties that cope? Reshaping social connections in response to pandemic distress. Journal of Applied Psychology, 106(9), 1267–1282.

Gray, S. M., Knight, A.P., & Baer, M. (2020). On the emergence of collective ownership in new creative teams, Organization Science, 31(1), 141-164.

Gray, S. M., Bunderson, J. S., Boumgarden, P., & Bechara, J. P. (2019). Engineering interaction: Structural change, locus of identification, and the formation and maintenance of cross-unit ties, Personnel Psychology, 72, 599-622.

Gray, S.M., Knight, A.P., Baer, M. 2020. What kind of startup founder are you? Harvard Business Review Digital.

Other Work

Gray, S. M. “Knowledge diversity during new venture team formation” under review.

Gray, S. M., Boumgarden, P., Ranganathan, R., & Huang, L. “Newcomer attraction to hierarchical groups” under review

Gray, S. M., Sackett, E, & Howell, T. “Familiarity and new venture team formation.” under review

Gray, S. M., Milovac, M. Playing the Part: Why investors penalize female founders for holding certain C-suite titles.

Janardhanan, N., Zhang, Yuxin, & Gray, S. M. Loyal to Whom? Founding team entrepreneurial and professional identification, startup identity conflict, and ambidexterity.

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