My research focuses on group formation, particularly in the context of new venture teams. To answer questions about what factors impact group formation, I employ a variety of methods including archival data, field research, qualitative methods, and experimental designs.


Gray, S. M., Bunderson, J. S., Van der Vegt, G., Rink, F., & Gedik, Y. (forthcoming). Leveraging knowledge diversity in hierarchically differentiated teams: The critical role of hierarchy stability. Academy of Management Journal.

Jo, J. K., Harrison, D. A., & Gray, S. M. (2021). The ties that cope? Reshaping social connections in response to pandemic distress. Journal of Applied Psychology, 106(9), 1267–1282.

Gray, S. M., Knight, A.P., & Baer, M. (2020). On the emergence of collective ownership in new creative teams, Organization Science, 31(1), 141-164.

Gray, S. M., Bunderson, J. S., Boumgarden, P., & Bechara, J. P. (2019). Engineering interaction: Structural change, locus of identification, and the formation and maintenance of cross-unit ties, Personnel Psychology, 72, 599-622.

Gray, S.M., Knight, A.P., Baer, M. 2020. What kind of startup founder are you? Harvard Business Review Digital.

Other Work

Gray, S. M., Sackett, E, & Howell, T. “New venture team formation.” under review

Gray, S. M. “Knowledge diversity during new venture team formation” under review.

Gray, S. M., Boumgarden, P., Ranganathan, R., & Huang, L. “Newcomer attraction to hierarchical groups” under review

Gray, S. M., Milovac, M. Playing the Part: Strategic concealment of functional titles in mixed gender founder teams.

Janardhanan, N., Zhang, S., Yuxin, & Gray, S. M. “Identity dynamics in startup teams.” under review

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